TestYourEnglish.NET : Online Teaching of English

 Home  Online Degree Instant Message Advertise Here Resumes & Jobs Downloads Scholarships Online Education Study Abroad Add this site to your Favorites
Quote of the Week :
"It is a rough road that leads to the heights of greatness." -- Seneca
..:: Menu ::..
English Grammar
Grammar Subjects
Grammar Quizzes
M-Choice Grammar Tests
Exam Questions Explained
Vocabulary Quizzes
Matching Quizzes
M-Choice Vocabulary Tests
Vocabulary Exam Questions
Reading Comprehension
Comprehension Tests
Exam Questions Explained
Cloze Test
Sample Cloze Tests
Exam Questions Explained
Sample Completion Tests
Exam Questions Explained
Practice Tests
General Revision Tests
Complete Practice Tests

Answer the comprehension questions below.

The poetic expressiveness and creativity of Japanese women poets of the Manyoshu era is generally regarded as a manifestation of the freedom and relatively high political and economic status women of that era enjoyed. During the Heian period (A.D. 794-1185) which followed, Japanese women became increasingly relegated to domestic roles under the influence of Buddhism and Confucianism, which excluded women from the political and economic arenas. Yet, since poetry of the period came to be defined solely as short lyrical poetry, known as waka, and became the prevailing means of expressing love, women continued to excel in and play a central role in the development of classical Japanese poetry. Moreover, while official Japanese documents were written in Chinese, the phoenetic alphabet kana was used for poetry. Also referred to as onna moji ("women's letters"), kana was not deemed sufficiently sophisticated for use by Japanese men, who continued to write Chinese poetry, increasingly for expressing religious ideas and as an intellectual pastime. Chinese poetry ultimately yielded, then, to waka as the mainstream of Japanese poetry.

1. Based on the passage, mainstream Japanese poetry of the Heian period can best be described as ............ .

A. philosophical in its concern
B. more refined than the poetry of the Manyoshu era
C. an outgowth of Buddhism and Confucianism
D. sentimental in nature and lyrical in style
E. written primarily for a female audience

2. Which of the following statements about kana finds the LEAST support in the passage?

A. It was based on the sound of the Japanese language
B. It was used primarily by Japanese women
C. It was used for Japanese poetry but not for Japanese prose
D. It was used in Japan after A.D. 793
E. It was considered inappropriate for austere subject matter

3. The author's primary purpose in the passage is to ............................ .

A. refute a common explanation for the role of women in the development of Japanese poetry
B. identify the reasons for the popularity of a distinct form of literary expression in Japan
C. distinguish between the Japanese poetry of one historical period with that of another
D. trace the influence of religion on the development of Japanese poetry
E. provide an explanation for the role of women in the development of Japanese poetry

Türkiye Özel

Free English Tests | Grammar Subjects | Grammar Quizzes | Grammar Tests | Grammar Exam Questions | Vocabulary Quizzes | Matching Quizzes | Vocabulary Tests | Vocabulary Exam Questions | Reading Comprehension Tests | Reading Comprehension Questions | Sample Cloze Tests | Cloze Exam Questions | Sentence Completion Tests | Sentence Completion Exam Questions | Free Revision Tests | Free Practice Tests | About TestYourEnglish.net | Report A Problem | Privacy & Terms