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Verbs used with the subjects I and we are generally referred to as being in the first person; verbs used with the subject you are generally referred to as being in the second person; and verbs used with the subjects he, she, it and they are generally referred to as being in the third person.
For formal English, there is a rule which states that in the Simple Future, the auxiliary shall should be used in the first person, and the auxiliary will should be used in the second person and third person. Like the auxiliary will, the auxiliary shall is a modal auxiliary.
Thus, in formal English, the Simple Future of the verb to work may be conjugated as follows:
Even in informal English, the auxiliary shall is usually used in the first person for questions in which a request for permission is implied.
e.g. Shall I call the office?
Shall we go to the library?
However, the use of will for the first person of the Simple Future is beginning to be considered acceptable in formal English. Thus, except for questions where a request for permission is implied, either will or shall may be used for the first person of the Simple Future. In this chapter, the alternative use of the auxiliary shall in the first person will be indicated by the word shall in brackets.
The rules for the use of will and shall which apply to the Simple Future tense, also apply to the other future tenses.
c. Questions and negative statements
As is the case with other English tenses, questions and negative statements in the Simple Future are formed using the auxiliary.
Questions are formed by placing the auxiliary before the subject. For example:
Negative statements are formed by placing the word not after the auxiliary. For example:
In spoken English, the following contraction is often used:
The contracted form of will not is unusual, since it is not only the o of not which is omitted. In addition, the ll of will is omitted, and the i of will is changed to o. The contracted form, won't, is pronounced to rhyme with don't.
In addition, shall not is sometimes contracted to shan't. However, the word shan't is rarely used in modern American English.
Negative questions are formed by placing the auxiliary before the subject, and the word not after the subject. However, when contractions are used, the contracted form of not immediately follows the auxiliary. The following are examples of negative questions with and without contractions:
Going to is used to talk about a future intention when a decision has already been made:
--> They're going to meet us in the pub after the film.
Going to is used to talk about future predictions when there is evidence that something is going to happen:
--> Look at those clouds. It's going to rain.