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Prepositions of place and direction



  • We normally use prepositional phrases to say where a person or thing is, or the direction they are     moving in.
  • We can also use adverbs and adverb phrases for place and direction.
  • Many words are both prepositions and adverbs.
  • 1. We use prepositions to talk about the place where someone or something is. Prepositions are always followed by a noun group, which is called the object of the preposition.

    above
    among
    at
    behind
    below
    beneath
    beside
    between
    in
    inside
    near
    on
    opposite
    outside
    over
    round
    through
    under
    underneath
     

    He stood near the door.

    Two minutes later we were safely inside the taxi.

    Note that some prepositions consist of more than one word.

    in between in front of next to on top of

    There was a man standing in front of me.

    The books were piled on top of each other.

    2. You can also use prepositions to talk about the direction that someone or something is moving in, or the place that someone or something is moving towards.

    across
    along
    back to
    down
    into
    onto
    out of
     
    past
    round
    through
     
    to
    towards
    up
     

    They dived into the water.

    She turned and rushed out of the room.

    3. Many prepositions can be used both for place and direction.

    The bank is just across the High Street. {place)

    I walked across the room. (direction)

    We live in the house over the road. (place)

    I stole his keys and escaped over the wall. (direction)

    4. We can also use adverbs and adverb phrases for place and direction.

    abroad
    away
    downstairs
    downwards
    here
    indoors
    outdoors
    there
    underground
    upstairs
        ~
    anywhere
    everywhere
    nowhere
    somewhere
     

    Sheila was here a moment ago.

    Can't you go upstairs and turn the bedroom light off?

    Note that a few noun groups can also be used as adverbials of place or direction.

    Steve lives next door at number 23.

    I thought we went the other way last time.

    5. Many words can be used as prepositions and as adverbs, with no difference in meaning. Remember that prepositions have noun groups as objects, but adverbs do not.

    Did he fall down the stairs?

    Please do sit down.

    I looked underneath the bed, but the box had gone!

    Always put a sheet of paper underneath.



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