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FORM AND FUNCTION OF ADJECTIVES


1. Adjectives are invariable:
They do not change their form depending on the gender or number of the noun.
--> A hot potato & Some hot potatoes

2. To emphasise or strengthen the meaning of an adjective use 'very' or 'really':
--> A very hot potato & Some really hot potatoes.

3. Position of adjectives:
a) Usually in front of a noun: --> A beautiful girl.
b) After verbs like "to be", "to seem" , "to look", "to taste":
--> The girl is beautiful.
--> You look tired.
--> This meat tastes funny.
c) After the noun: in some fixed expressions: --> The Princess Royal --> The President elect

the adjectives involved, present, concerned :
--> I want to see the people involved/concerned (= the people who have something to do with the matter)
--> Here is a list of the people present (= the people who were in the building or at the meeting)

Be careful! When these adjectives are used before the noun they have a different meaning:
--> An involved discussion = detailed, complex

FORM AND FUNCTION OF ADJECTIVES
FUNCTION


Adjectives tell us more about a noun. They can: Describe feelings or qualities:
--> He is a lonely man
--> They are honest people

Give nationality or origin:
--> Pierre is French
--> This clock is German

Tell more about a thing's characteristics:
--> A wooden table.
--> The knife is sharp.
--> He's a young man

Tell us about size and measurement:
--> John is a tall man.
--> This is a very long film.

Tell us about colour:
--> Paul wore a red shirt.
--> The sunset was crimson and gold.

Tell us about material/what something is made of:
--> It was a wooden table
--> She wore a cotton dress.

Tell us about shape:
--> A rectangular box.
--> A square envelope.

Express a judgement or a value:
--> A fantastic film
--> Grammar is boring .

FORM AND FUNCTION OF ADJECTIVES
ORDER:


Where a number of adjectives are used together, the order depends on the function of the adjective.
The usual order is: Value/opinion, Size, Age/Temperature, Shape, Colour, Origin, Material

Value/opinion

delicious, lovely, charming

Size

small, huge, tiny

Age/Temperature

old, hot, young

Shape

round, square, rectangular

Colour

red, blonde, black

Origin

Swedish, Victorian, Chinese

Material

plastic, wooden, silver



Examples:
--> a lovely old red post-box
--> some small round plastic tables

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