AS + ADJECTIVE + AS
COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES
To compare people, places, events or things, when there is
no difference, use as + adjective + as:
--> Peter is 24 years
old. John is 24 years old. Peter is as old as John.
--> Moscow is as cold
as St. Petersburg in the winter.
--> Ramona is as happy as Raphael.
--> Einstein is as famous as Darwin.
tiger is as dangerous as a lion.
NOT AS + ADJECTIVE +
can also be shown by using not so/as ...as:
not as high as Mount Everest.
is not as sunny as Thailand
bicycle is not as expensive as a
COMPARATIVE + THAN
compare the difference between two people, things or events.
Everest is higher than Mt. Blanc.
is sunnier than Norway.
--> A car
is more expensive than a bicycle.
is more intelligent than Arthur.
show no difference: --> as much as , as many as, as few as, as
as many as / as few as
countable nouns; as much
as / as little as + uncountable
--> They have as
many children as us.
We have as
many customers as them.
Tom has as
few books as Jane.
--> John eats as
much food as Peter.
Jim has as
little food as Sam.
You've heard as
much news as I have.
To show difference :
more, less, fewer + than
as much as , as many as, as few as, as little as
--> Eloise has more children
--> Chantal has fewer
children than Eloise.
There are fewer dogs in Cardiff than in Bristol.
--> Eloise has more money than Chantal.
--> Chantal has less money than Eloise.
spend less time on homework than you do.
So, the rule
MORE + nouns
that are countable or uncountable
FEWER + countable nouns
adjectives have completely irregular comparative and superlative
- We add ‘-er’ for the comparative and ‘-est’ for the superlative of
one-syllable adjectives and adverbs.
- We use ‘-er’ and ‘-est’ with some two-syllable adjectives.
- We use ‘more’ for the comparative and ‘most’ for the superlative of most
two-syllable adjectives, all longer adjectives, and adverbs ending in ‘-ly’.
- Some common adjectives and adverbs have irregular forms.
1. We add ‘-er’ for the comparative form and ‘-est’ for the
superlative form of one-syllable adjectives and adverbs. If they end in ‘-e’,
you add ‘-r’ and ‘-st’.
They worked harder.
I've found a nicer hotel.
If they end in a single vowel and consonant (except ‘-w’), you double the
The day grew hotter.
Henry was the biggest of them.
2. With two-syllable adjectives ending in a consonant
followed by ‘-y’, you change the ‘-y’ to ‘-i’ and add ‘-er’ and ‘-est’.
|happy => happier =>
It couldn't be easier.
That is the funniest bit of the film.
3. We use ‘more’ for the comparative and ‘most’ for the
superlative of most two-syllable adjectives, all longer adjectives, and adverbs
ending in ‘-ly’.
Be more careful next time.
They are the most beautiful gardens in the world.
It affected Clive most seriously.
Note that for ‘early’ as an adjective or adverb, you use ‘earlier’ and
‘earliest’, not ‘more’ and ‘most’.
4. With some common two-syllable adjectives and adverbs, we
can either add ‘-er’ and ‘-est’, or use ‘more’ and ‘most’.
Note that ‘clever’ and ‘quiet’ only add ‘-er’ and ‘-est’.
It was quieter outside.
He was the cleverest man I ever met.
5. We normally use ‘the’ with superlative adjectives in
front of nouns, but you can omit ‘the’ after a link verb.
It was the happiest day of my life.
It was one of the most important discoveries.
I was happiest when I was on my own.
WARNING: When ‘most’ is used without ‘the’ in front of
adjectives and adverbs, it often means almost the same as ‘very’.
This book was most interesting.
I object most strongly.
6. A few common adjectives and adverbs have irregular
comparative and superlative forms.
She would ask him when she knew him better.
She sat near the furthest window.
Note that you use ‘elder’ or ‘eldest’ to say which brother, sister, or child
in a family you mean.
Our eldest daughter couldn't come.